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Farm Practices Qualifying As Ecoservices

Farm practices qualifying as ecoservices

  •  Farming: Crop rotation, organic manures, organic food producers, low energy inputs, low/no agrochemical inputs, IPM and biological disease/pest control, monitoring for food-borne illness, local processing and distribution
  • Ranching: natural and grass-fed beef, mixed herds, local processing and distribution

  • Watershed: channel rehabilitation and low tech flood control (e.g., gabions)

  • Soils: regeneration and preservation; stopping erosion

  • Productivity/diversity Management: Improving rangeland; predator-friendly beef and lamb; herd management and predators; increasing native pollinators; Wind, solar, biofuel, water conservation and ecoservices; providing in-stream flows for sensitive aquatic species

  • Fire ecology: restoring fire regimes and increasing production

  • Water: Quality and Quantity: Improving low-quality waters (nutrients, sediments, temperature, bacteria, heavy metals), storm water flows, groundwater, trading water quality credits in water, stream mitigation banking (stream channel, banks, buffers, hydrology); Nutrient management & removing toxics from nutrient cycles

  • Air: Air Quality and public health; Atmospheric Change and carbon-sequestration

  • Animal welfare: Animal Feeding Operations, veal

  • Biodiversity: Increasing native pollinators; Conservation banks — providing habitat for sensitive species; habitat, cover, water for game and wildlife. Populations and species-specific needs. Special habitats: wetland mitigation banks, in-stream flows, riparian

Invasive Species Management

  • Ecoservices Portfolio management: Local, state and federal credit opportunities.

  • Conservation Practices: Becoming guardians on remote public lands; cooperating in landscape-scale biotic community protection; Cultural Resources

  • Other: Maps, Imagery, and Data, & Analysis

  • Environmental Compliance vs. Ecoservice payments

Agrifood Green Jobs

  • Ecoservices Portfolio Manager (assess opportunities, coordinate credits/funds, monitor compliance and success); Educational Certificates for Ranch-hand and rancher and Farm-hand and farmer ecoservices

  • Biofuels: Manure management; Bioethanol; production, processing, distribution; forest/woodland thinning; Urban recycling; Algal production, processing and distribution; Pecan, orchard thinning

  • Agro-ecoregional food hub jobs: Demo- and/or biocultural garden and livestock operators; Nature trail guides, rsestorers, and maintainers; Incubator farm operators; Ag educators( 4H, meetings); Organic Waste Recyclers and processors; Locavore restaurant workers

  • Sustainable Ag Supply Store jobs: Solar, wind, and water conservation purchasers and retailers; value-added food producers (Sorting, Packaging, Batch Making); Process, Storage, Distribution, Dry, cool, and freezer workers

  • Urban farm jobs: Greenhouse construction and operation; Power plant/industrial heat and Coolant water infrastructure construction, operation and maintenance; Grey Water systems construction and maintenance; Ag History Gardeners and Historians; Education Center occupations.

  • Agritourism jobs: management and on-farm guides and sellers

  • Urban Forestry and Nursery occupations

New and Transformed Agrifood Occupations

New Jobs

  • Certifiers for ecoservice payments
  • Ranch & farm ecoservice managers
  • Agro-ecoregion breeders  to resist and adapt  to climate change
  • Breeders and designers of integrated pest management and cropping to manage pests and pathogens
  • Local meat processors
  • New value-added food manufacturing
  • Renewable energy and water equipment
  • Local PR and NM brand advertisers
  • Local logistics IT experts
  • More co-ops (workers, managers) and farmers market associations
  • Fair Trade brokers
  • Green-lined local banks and co-ops
  • Natural food companies, processors, wholesalers and retailers

Transformed Jobs

  • Conventional to natural or organic farming and ranching
  • Natural/organic feeds production and supply
  • Natural/organic fertilizer production and supply
  • Institutional vendors/buyers
  • Farm-to-Chef vendors/buyers
  • Conventional to sustainable ag educational curricula and teachers
  • Local drop-off and transport workers

Jobs in Value Chain That Could be Green Jobs As Local Food Economy Scales Up


  • Farmers with sustainable practices

  • Farm workers providing eco-services

  • Agritourism workers

  • Animal/crop breeders involved in climate change and reduced impacts

  • Nurseries for local species to replace invasives or soil enhancement

  • Greenhouses with low energy and water features, especially organic and native plant nurseries (includes nursery workers)

  • Ranch-hand and farm-hand workers involved in eco-services; soil conservation (soil conservationist)  

  • Energy saving equipment: agricultural operators, farm equipment mechanics.

  • Biofuel and diesel engine specialists.

  • Renewable energy specialists.

  • Between Farmer/Rancher and Food Manufacturer: Cooling and freezing equipment operators.

  • Graders and sorters of agricultural products.

  • Eco-friendly, worker-friendly and humane food manufacturing:Cooling and freezing equipment operators

  • Slaughterers and meatpackers; meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmer.

  • Machine operators and food batchmakers:  food cooking and tenders (roasting, baking, and drying), cutting and slicing, extruding and forming operators, mixing and blending, crushing and grinding, casing finishers and stuffers

  • Bakers and baking equipment operators.

  • Dairy processing equipment operators.

  • Green packing and filling: bottle packers and bottle fillers; less packaging; recyclable packing.

  • Specialized mechanics in energy-saving equipment: heating, air-conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics, industrial machinery mechanics; maintenance repairers.

  • Management and Sales in green economy: Top executives, supervisors, production inspectors, and quality control technician; industrial production managers; advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers; sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing; computer programmers and systems analysts; bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks and procurement clerks, janitors and cleaners. Transport and Logistics: Hand packers and packagers; offbearers at docks; produce and product drivers, mobile sales representatives, brokers; freight, stock, and material movers; computer programmers and systems analysts for logistics.

  • Consumer: Labelers.

  • Farm-to-Chef, Farm-to-School logistics, farmer’s markets, CSA employees, buying club employees, specialty grocery store employees.

  • Restaurant waiters and waitresses, servers, bartenders, hosts and hostesses. Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers. Limited-service eateries combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food; and counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop. Dishwashers.

  • Elderly care, penitentry, asylum and other institutional care-givers.

  • Research: Organic-oriented agronomists, green ag economists, geneticists, breeders, mechanical engineers, industrial engineers for reducing pollution and increasing energy efficiency, chemists, food scientists and technologists. Sampling technicians, climate-change climatologists, environmental engineers.