There are 22 Pueblos and reservations varying from 13,000 to 3.5 million acres. Total ranch/farmland is about 7.4 million acres (about 15% of New Mexico).
- Minimally 6,600 Native American farm operators. About 60% of all Native American farms are fewer than 10 acres. Another 20% are between 10 and 50 acres. Native Americans comprise 10% of New Mexico’s population.
- The U.S. census reports minimally 8,900 Latino-owned farm operators. About half own farms of 50 or fewer acres; about a quarter are less than 10 acres. Hispanic citizens comprise about 44% of New Mexico population.
- 24,200 white farm operators. Lowest white population of any state in the West (70%).
- 16,284 farms/ranches operated by men (2007) on 39 million acres; 4,646 operated by women on 4 million acres.
- The Picuris, Pojoaque, Sandia, Tesuque, Taos, Cochiti and Nambe Pueblos as well as the Jicarilla Apaches have formed an Intertribal Bison Cooperative to restore herds to ancestral lands. The Indo-Hispanic churro sheep has new supporters.